Recreational cannabis has been legalized in many states and growing and selling it has become a business that is worth billions of dollars in the United States alone.
What do you have to take care of if you want to start cannabis grow operations? Besides the traditional business that will require you to cross hurdles like financing, market research, operations, and deciding the structure of ownership, cannabis has different regulations in different states, and a businessman requires to be able to research this in-depth before deciding on the area and scale of growing operations. There are specific laws as to where it can be grown, as well as laws for security, traceability, waste product handling, transportation, and testing.
To start with, the cannabis grows operation has to be located away from public schools, transit centers, arcades, and parks, or any place where minors can congregate. The area where you grow cannabis has to be in an open expanse if it is being grown outdoors, and this site must be obscured by high fences and semi-permeable roofing. The sight barrier installed around the grow area has to be at least eight feet tall. This is an advantage to growers as they can let their cannabis plants grow tall, 10 feet or more, and also leave space on the surface for smaller crops like tomatoes, lettuce, and carrots, which can bring a lot of diversity into the grow operation.
When such growth operations are undertaken indoors, they must be in facilities that are secure, enclosed, and with functional windows and doors. Walls can be rigid or semi-rigid and there must be a roof. Growing cannabis indoors will require additional attention to lighting and humidity. Cannabis plants require a lot of light and proper ventilation, as they emit a lot of heat. Many indoor growers actually put in HVAC units that are specifically designed for closed greenhouses, so that ideal growing conditions can be maintained. The soil used for cannabis grow operations must have a pH between 5.5 and 6.5.
All cannabis growers need to be licensed and must have proper security solutions to protect the growing area and other operations. Indoor grow areas need to have proper security alarm systems installed, while the same care has to be taken to ensure that only properly authorized people are the ones permitted into any grow area. Covering all grow, storage, packing, and transport areas with surveillance cameras is encouraged.